How Epoxy Flooring is Done?

Epoxy flooring is a meticulous process that transforms a plain concrete floor into a durable, smooth, and visually appealing surface. It begins with preparing the concrete, ensuring it’s clean, dry, and slightly textured for optimal adhesion. Then, a carefully measured mixture of epoxy is applied to the floor as the primer layer. This base coat forms the foundation by deeply penetrating the concrete. This is followed by a broadcast of your choice of color flake blends; the decorative flakes add texture, depth and reflectivity.

Finally, the flooring is finished with two coats of a polyaspartic coating for extra protection and aesthetic appeal. This process, requiring precision and attention to detail, results in a resilient and attractive flooring solution ideal for garages and other high-traffic areas.

Understanding the Basics of Epoxy Floor Coatings

Epoxy floor coatings are more than just a protective layer for your garage floor. They are multi-layered coating systems that, when applied correctly, create a hard, durable surface. The surface is UV, stain, impact, chemical and moisture-resistant if applied correctly and uses quality coatings.

What is Epoxy Coating and How Does it Work for Garage Floors?

An epoxy coating is a unique material that acts as an excellent concrete penetrating base (primer) layer. When applied to garage floors, it forms a hard, protective shell that deeply penetrates the concrete, resisting high hydrostatic pressures from moisture in the concrete slab. It’s the ideal primer for all concrete spaces, including garage floors.

Preparation Steps for Applying Epoxy Coatings on Concrete Flooring

Before applying epoxy, the concrete floor must be properly prepared to ensure the primer coating adheres well and lasts for years. This involves thoroughly cleaning the floor, repairing any cracks or damage, and ensuring the surface is level and smooth. Additionally, the concrete is ground with a propane grinder to create a profile that the epoxy can bond to effectively.

The Importance of Surface Preparation in Epoxy Flooring

Proper surface preparation is crucial in the epoxy flooring installation process. A well-prepared surface ensures that the epoxy coating adheres properly and does not peel or chip over time. The final coating system is only as strong as this bond. Concrete preparation involves cleaning the concrete surface to remove any dust, dirt, or oil stains and mechanical grinding the concrete to create a rough texture for better adhesion.

Step-by-Step Guide to Preparing Your Garage Floor for Epoxy

Begin by vacuuming and cleaning the garage floor to remove all dust and debris.

  1. Address any cracks or chips in the concrete surface.
  2. If necessary, degrease the floor, paying special attention to any oil stains.
  3. Mechanically grind the floor to create the ideal texture.
  4. Thoroughly vacuum the floor with HEPA-filtered vacuums.

Applying the Base Coat: The Foundation of Durable Epoxy Floors

The base coat is the foundation of your epoxy floor. For any concrete substrate, a moisture-mitigating epoxy is the best choice as the primer coat. It’s essential to mix the epoxy materials (Parts A and B) correctly and apply them evenly across the entire surface. Using a roller or brush, spread the base coat over the concrete, ensuring it penetrates any cracks or crevices.

Broadcasting the Decorative Flakes

While the epoxy primer coating is still “wet”, add decorative color flakes to achieve a unique look. You can choose from a variety of options including our Ultra, Earth Effects, Bagari SE or Vintage Mica series of color blends…a total of 42 possible choices. This epoxy and flake layer must be allowed to cure, which can take several hours or more, depending on the product used and the ambient conditions.

Adding the Finish Coat: Achieving the Perfect Look and Durability

Before applying the finishing coats, any unadhered flakes are reclaimed and the floor is vacuumed.  Then, the final two clear 100%-solids polyaspartic topcoats are applied in succession. The final layer can include slip-resistant additives to enhance safety. The finish coat should be applied evenly and allowed to cure fully for the best results.

Benefits of Epoxy Flooring for Your Garage

Epoxy flooring offers numerous benefits for garage floors. It provides a hard-wearing, durable surface that can withstand heavy loads and resist chemicals and stains. Its seamless nature makes it easy to clean and maintain. Additionally, epoxy flooring is available in a wide range of colors and styles, allowing for customization to suit any aesthetic preference.

Exploring the Various Types of Epoxy Floors and Their Advantages

There are several types of epoxy flooring systems to choose from, each with its unique advantages. Water-based epoxies, moisture-mitigating epoxies, standard epoxies are available (the later shouldn’t be used as a primer coat in garages). The type of epoxy used can be tailored to the specific needs of your concrete space, garage or otherwise, or whether it’s for light residential use or heavy industrial application.

Why Choose Epoxy Floor Coatings for Your Garage Floors?

Epoxy floor coatings are an excellent choice for garage floors due to their durability, ease of maintenance, and aesthetic versatility. They provide a smooth, durable surface that resists oil and chemical spills, making them ideal for garages that double as workshops or storage areas. With a range of colors and finishes available, including the option for decorative chips or flakes, epoxy floors can also enhance the overall look of your garage.